Doubting the New Somerton Man Findings: Do 0.01% Error Chances Actually Matter in Science?

The Somerton Man Autopsy Photo

The Somerton Man Autopsy Photo

The Somerton Man Code on a Copy of Edward FitzGerald's 1st Edition of Omar Khayyam's Rubaiyat

The Somerton Man Code on a Copy of Edward FitzGerald’s 1st Edition of Omar Khayyam’s Rubaiyat

'Tamám Shud' Cut-Out Piece Found in the Watch (fob) Pocket of The Somerton Man

‘Tamám Shud’ Cut-Out Piece Found in the Watch (fob) Pocket of The Somerton Man

Front Cover -- Tamám Shud: How the Somerton Man’s Last Dance for a Lasting Life Was Decoded -- Omar Khayyam Center Research Report

Front Cover — Tamám Shud: How the Somerton Man’s Last Dance for a Lasting Life Was Decoded — Omar Khayyam Center Research Report

Omar Khayyam Statue, Laleh Park, Tehran, Iran

Omar Khayyam Statue, Laleh Park, Tehran, Iran

The best scientific explanation is always one that verifiably incorporates and synthesizes all the relevant existing data gathered so far, past, and present.

0.01% error chances count in science, often proving to be more helpful than drawing 99.99% conclusions. In fact, major errors in science are often learned initially by way of 0.01% chances of error.”

— Mohammad H. Tamdgidi, Ph.D., Sociologist and Report Author

GREATER BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, UNITED STATES, August 2, 2022 / — Those who have been interested in the Somerton Man (TSM) case may find an article newly posted at OKCIR (also readable below in the scrollable section of this press release) by sociologist Mohammad H. Tamdgidi, Ph.D., helpful in further investigating the case. Tamdgidi is the author of OKCIR’s recently published “Tamám Shud: How the Somerton Man’s Last Dance for a Lasting Life Was Decoded — Omar Khayyam Center Research Report” (Okcir Press, 2021). The report is freely readable online.

According to Tamdgidi, “the new findings about TSM, identifying him as Carl ‘Charles’ Webb with 99.99% certitude, certainly raise new hopes and further venues for exploration, but at the same time add new questions about and challenges for interpreting previously collected data, ones that are still relevant and must also be explained.”

0.01% error chances actually count in science, often proving to be more helpful than drawing 99.99% conclusions. In fact, major errors in science are often learned initially by way of unexpected 0.01% chances of error. Something minor is found not to quite fit a story initially; what seems logical at first proves not to be so upon further reflection. It is for this reason that those offering new scientific propositions usually share all the details of their new findings in advance and refrain from drawing final conclusions, to make it possible for others to also judge for themselves the soundness of any ideas that have been offered as solutions to longstanding puzzles.

Although science aspires to be value neutral, Tamdgidi write, it can never be so without allowing for open and self-reflective acknowledgment of biases in investigators’ work. DNA study results and their interpretations are not purely physical facts or findings but result from human conducted studies and are always explored amid personal and institutional settings that are influenced by human values, interests, biases, and errors.

It is of course always wonderful to make breakthroughs in solving puzzles such as the Somerton Man case, Tamdgidi writes. However, seventy plus years of waiting would be better served by a more cautious and less rushed drawing of conclusions. Ultimately, this case is privately about a person, his relatives and friends, and their characters and lives, and publicly about Australia and how it handles its longstanding unsolved cases. Human beings are much more complicated than what may appear in a newspaper ad or divorce filing. Those who have wished to put to rest the story of the Somerton Man’s death must obviously care about returning him back to dust with dignity to the extent his life had and deserved.

There is a choice here, for example, of reburying TSM as a gambler or as a thoughtful poet who was depressed about having lost many loved ones suddenly to old age or a world war, reflecting on the meaning of life amid a marriage gone sour while facing a terminal illness. The best scientific explanation, in the author’s view, is always one that verifiably incorporates and synthesizes all the relevant existing data gathered so far, past, and present, and refrains from arbitrarily picking and choosing some clues or coincidences at the cost of others simply because new conclusions help gloss over past interpretive failures.

Tamdgidi’s posted article offers some points to consider while investigating and interpreting the information being newly reported and analyzed. It first considers the possibility that Carl ‘Charles’ Webb may not be the Somerton Man. It then considers the second possibility that the two may be the same person.

In Tamdgidi’s previously published 2021 report, the Somerton Man’s code was deciphered to be a suicide note, written in the poetic form of a quatrain composed as a transliteration from Arabic, in the style of “Tamám Shud.” The torn-out piece found in his fob pocket basically served as a key to the transliterated nature of the code found on the back of the book from which it had been torn. The Somerton Man was thus revealed to be poetically inclined, creatively orchestrating his tragic suicide facing a terminal illness as a way of leaving a lasting trace in public memory, having been inspired by the enduring example of Omar Khayyam’s poetry.

Tamdgidi specializes in exploring and advancing the sociological imagination in comparative cultural and global/world-historical frameworks. The sociological imagination, a term coined by the noted American sociologist C. Wright Mills in 1959, is a mode of inquiry in sociology centering on the idea that human life can be best understood by way of exploring how personal and private troubles of individuals and the public issues of their times relate to one another. The Somerton Man case provides a tragic, yet fascinating, window for the cultivation of our sociological imaginations.


Mohammad H. (Behrooz) Tamdgidi is the founding director and editor of OKCIR: Omar Khayyam Center for Integrative Research in Utopia, Mysticism, and Science (Utopystics) ( and its scholarly journal “Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge,” which have served since 2002 to frame his independent research, teaching, and publishing initiatives. A former associate professor of sociology specializing in social theory at UMass Boston, he holds a Ph.D. and M.A. in sociology and a graduate certificate in Middle Eastern studies from Binghamton University (SUNY) and received his B.A. in architecture from U.C. Berkeley. Besides his work in progress on the 12-volume series “Omar Khayyam’s Secret: Hermeneutics of the Robaiyat in Quantum Sociological Imagination,” his previous publications include “Liberating Sociology: From Newtonian Toward Quantum Imaginations: Volume 1: Unriddling the Quantum Enigma” (Okcir Press, 2020), “Gurdjieff and Hypnosis: A Hermeneutic Study” (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009) and “Advancing Utopistics: The Three Component Parts and Errors of Marxism” (Routledge/Paradigm, 2007). Due to research commitments and preference for written communication, the author can only be reached via email.

Mohammad Tamdgidi
OKCIR: Omar Khayyam Center for Integrative Research

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“The 24-Hour Turnaround”

Jeffrey S. Davis, “The 24-Hour Turnaround” author

Montreal and Boston author’s compelling look inside the strategies and thinking of seven business leaders is a “must read” for any entrepreneur

The book does a deep dive into the businesses of seven entrepreneurs, and how they navigated a similar formula to deal with adversity and reach success with a smart plan, strong values and hard work.”

— Jeffrey S. Davis

BOSTON, MA, USA, July 12, 2022 / — Jeffrey S. Davis, author, public speaker, business leader and CEO of leading management consulting firm Mage, today announced the launch of the third edition of his popular book “The 24-Hour Turnaround.”

“The 24-Hour Turnaround” is available on,, through the Mage website, and in select bookstores throughout the region. The first and second editions of the book were published in 2011 and 2017. “The 24-Hour Turnaround” is a detailed collection of stories and case studies chronicling the path to success during turbulent times. Readers will learn of the entrepreneurial experiences of seven different businesses, pinpointing the most common situations encountered with entrepreneurs and owners of private and family companies. Through detailed interviews and observations, Davis provides readers with an inside look into the strategies and thinking of these leaders, with takeaways that benefit all entrepreneurs in challenging times.

“The 24-Hour Turnaround” focuses on leadership, values, attitudes, strategies, and tactics. It enables entrepreneurs to turn a keen analytical eye on their business trajectories and their personal leadership styles. It demonstrates the benefits of change, and teaches entrepreneurs how to implement real change creating a more consistent environment for success, business stability, and growth. Its unique value has already received broad recognition. Ronald S. Lauder, Chairman of the Board of Estee Lauder Inc., calls this book a “must read for anyone who’s in business to lead and succeed.” Designed as an easy-to-read guide filled with wisdom that a business owner can deploy today, “The 24-Hour Turnaround” enlightens and empowers the small business leader and entrepreneur who wishes to steer a business to success, all within the challenges of a shifting, uncertain economy.

“One of the most important aspects of these different businesses is that all of them navigated their organizations to experience great success during this economic chaos without any outside financial help whatsoever,” said Davis. “They found their way to success unknowingly using the same values-based principles. This book highlights those easy to learn principles for other businesses to apply.”

“We live in a world filled with chaos and have experienced two years unlike any other in our history,” said Davis, adding, “Keeping our entrepreneurs thriving in this atmosphere is critical. The book does a deep dive into the businesses of seven entrepreneurs in different industries, and how they navigated a similar formula to deal with adversity and reach success by having a smart plan, strong values and hard work.”

Davis, a Montreal-born author, speaker and Chairman/Chief Executive Officer of Mage, and who maintains homes in Boston, MA and Montreal says that he is similar to the people he writes about. “I have owned nine businesses; I have experience across many industries which gives me insight into the people I write about and their strategies.”

Since 1985, he, and his company Mage have guided over 700 entrepreneurial businesses and organizational leaders on issues ranging from strategy, marketing and sales, to organizational transition, culture and family transitional issues. The case studies, based on the authors’ extensive experience with individual entrepreneurs and their organizations, highlight means and methods by which business leaders can achieve their visions and goals regardless of the nature of the market or the economy. Mage has been featured in 35 major newspaper and magazine articles, detailing the company’s methodology for entrepreneurial and leadership success.

Davis’s strong resume of business experience includes Chairman of the Board for MTP Software, the largest CRM for the sports and entertainment industry. He is co-founder of the Massachusetts Family Business Association and a former Adjunct Professor at Babson College, Wellesley, MA. For several years, he was also a columnist with the Boston Business Journal for the Small Business Report. He leads and sits on a number of private and not-for-profit boards.

Davis is also the founder of Radio Entrepreneurs, an Internet and YouTube show featuring stories of entrepreneurship that has connected to over 800,000 people in 32 countries. Prior to Radio Entrepreneurs, his radio experience also included Apple Business Report in Canada and the Business Radio Network.

Davis is a recognized authority on the subject of handling the economy from a small, medium or family business point of view. This business base represents more than 85% of the economy, job creation and corporate taxable base.

Co-author Mark Cohen has vast experience as an external consultant and internal human resource specialist. His background includes 25 years of international technology, healthcare, biotechnology and pharmaceutical human resources, coaching and management. Cohen’s track record includes positions as Worldwide Director of Human Resources at Phillips Medical Systems and Senior HR Manager at Maxtor Corporation. He also managed human resources efforts at Digital Equipment Corporation for 15 years and held training and human resources positions at Fidelity, General Mills and Polaroid Corporation.

Contributor Mitchell Levy is a TEDx speaker, international bestselling author of over 60 books, and an executive coach at Marshall Goldsmith’s 100 Coaches. After interviewing 500 thought leaders on the topic of credibility, he published a 7-country international bestselling book, delivered a powerful TEDx on humanity, created courses, and created the Credibility Nation membership community to help those live, learn and surround themselves with others on the credibility journey. He has created twenty businesses in Silicon Valley including four publishing companies that have published over 750 books. He’s provided strategic consulting to hundreds of companies and has been the chairman of a board of a NASDAQ-listed company.

Davis said he is delighted to have a chapter from Levy in this edition. “You can’t hold Mitchell down, he is a force of nature. One of the qualities I look at in business success is determination – people who will run through brick walls to achieve their goals. That’s Mitchell; he will find his way no matter what obstacles he encounters. I have found that it’s not always about the business plan – it’s about the person.”

For additional information about the book, to review a copy, or to speak with Jeffrey Davis, please call (617) 462-4738, or

Jim Farrell
+1 617-429-7990
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